This project investigates how young children process communication and the cognitive effort that is required to do so. We compare utterances that directly reflect the social intention of the speaker (what he or she wants) (e.g., „I want the cornflakes“ in response to the question „Do you want to eat rolls or cornflakes“) with utterances that only give indirect hints to the actual intention (e.g., „I have a bowl“ in response to the same question). During and after listening to these utterances, we measure the looking behaviour and pupil dilation of 3- and 5-year-old children, as well as their reaction times and a behavioural response. Our question is whether there are differences in the processing of direct and indirect communication acts and, if so, when and to what extent they occur.